Function of an adverb
Adverbs are used to give more information about the action in a sentence. They mainly modify verbs. They tell us how, where, when...etc something happens or is done.Also See:Adjectives Adverbs Exercises
Adjectives vs Adverbs
Carol drives carefully
. (How does she drive?)
I looked for her everywhere
. (Where did you look for her?)
She came to London yesterday
. (When did she come to London?)
Adverbs are generally divided into seven groups:
1) Manner: slowly, bravely, carefully, simply, quietly...
2) Place: there, here, up, down, near...
3) Time: yesterday, tomorrow, now, yet, still...
4) Frequency: never, always, often, once, twice...
5) Sentence: actually, really, obviously, evidently...
6) Degree: very, quite, rather, fairly, hardly...
7) Focus: just, only, simply, even, also...
They are generally made from adjectives.
Many adverbs of manner and degree are formed by putting -ly at the end of an adjectives.
|slow - slowly||happy - happily|
|cold - coldly||rapid - rapidly|
|bad - badly||kind - kindly|
I don’t know why, but they spoke to me coldly
The weather was awfully
You should treat people gently
Please, drive the car slowly
When an adjective ends in consonant + y, it becomes -ly.
busy - busily
happy - happily
easy - easily
dry - drily (or dryly)
She is working busily
Chuck passed the test easily
When an adjective ends in -le, we omit -e and add -(l)y
noble - nobly
possible - possibly
simple - simply
gentle - gently
Ex: My mom brushes my hair gently
When an adjectives ends in -e, we keep -e and add -ly.
extreme - extremely
free - freely
brave - bravely
safe - safely
His political ideas are extremely
Our army fought bravely
When an adjective ends in -ic, we add -ally.
Systematic - systematically
Phonetic - phonetically
We searched the attic systematically
Mrs. Burns wanted us to write the words phonetically
Degrees of Adverbs
1. Adverbs having the same form as adjectives:
- Positive : Expresses a quality without a comparison.
Ivan walks slowly.
- Comparative : Expresses a higher or lower degree than the positive.
Ida walks faster than Ivan.
- Superlative : Expresses the highest or the lowest degree when comparing more than two things/persons.
Brad walks slowest.
They came earlier
Kenyans always win prizes in marathons because they run the fastest
My parents’ plane will arrive later
than my uncle's.
2. Adverbs formed with –ly.
|easily||more easily||most easily|
||more quickly||most quickly|
|fluently||more fluently||most fluently|
|carefully||more carefully||most carefully|
Linda drives more carefully
than her husband.
Elizabeth speaks English the most fluently
3. Irregular adverbs
|far||father / further
||the farthest / the furthest|
Who speaks English the best
They do everything worse