An adverbial gives us extra information about the time, place or the manner of an action.
Through adverbials we find the answers to the questions like:
Where / when / how / why / how much / how long / how often
Also See:AdverbsReducing Adverbial Clauses
I have been living in L.A since 2002.
(where and how long?)
I moved here in 2002 because of better job opportunities. (when and why?)
They can be classified into three groups:AdverbsAdverbial PhrasesAdverbial Clauses
They modify the verb of the sentence and they are mostly used at the end of the sentences ending in -ly.
The teacher looked at me anxiously
My father always drives very carefully
Not all the adverbs of manner end in –ly, there are a few exceptions like these:
Hard / fast / late / straight
In order to pass his exams, he studied very hard.
Don’t drive fast.
As Adverbial Phrases
They are composed of a group of two or more words modifying a verb.
We decided to take part in this film in May last September
I tried to drive as carefully as I could
, but I couldn't avoid hitting the tree.
I will escape as far as I can
As Adverbial Clauses
An adverbial clause is a dependent sentence which has a function of an adverb. See reducing adverbial clauses
They can be classified into six groups:
- Time: when / while / after / before / as soon as / by the time / since / until / as / as long as etc.
- Reason: because / since / as / seeing that / inasmuch as / now that / on the grounds that
- Purpose: so that / in order that / lest / in case / for the purpose that / for fear that
- Contrast: although / though / even though / whereas / notwithstanding / much as
- Comparison: as if / as though
When my father came
- Condition: if / provided(ing) (that) / so long as / unless / only if / even if / on condition that
, I had already finished my homework.
Seeing that it was raining
we decided not to go out.
In order that I can improve my English
I have decided to go to England.
Although she is so beautiful
I won’t marry her.
He speaks as if he was an expert.
If you finish your assignment early
you can go out with your friends.