Nominalization


Nominalization is briefly making nouns or noun phrases by adding affixes to words. This conversion is mostly from a verb or an adjective into a noun. In some cases, the original word's morpheme is preserved, however, in most cases there is a morphological change during the conversion.

Also See:

Phoneme and Morpheme
Here is a list of common noun-forming suffixes

SuffixExamples
-age

-an

-ance

-tion / ion

-cy

-dom

-er / ar / or

-hood

-ist

-ism

-ity

-ment

-ness

-ship

-y
mile / mileage

Africa / African

neglect / negligence

invite / invitation

deficient / deficiency

free / freedom

visit / visitor

brother / brotherhood

active / activist

active / activism

able / ability

abolish / abolishment

mad / madness

citizen / citizenship

honest / honesty


Note:

It can also be used to form noun phrases from clauses.

For example:

Because people hunt tigers in large numbers they are facing the risk of extinction.
Because of people’s hunting tigers in large numbers they are facing the risk of extinction.

Note:

As nominalization helps you avoid repetition, it makes the text more concise thereby making your writing more abstract and more formal.

For example:

House prices are rising rapidly. As a result, first time buyers are having difficulty buying a house.

Due to the rapid increase in house prices, first time buyers are having difficulty buying a house.

The second sentence contains a nominalized expression.


Comments

▲▲▲▲▲▲▲

What’s New on GrammarBank:

  1. Simple Present vs Present Continuous Exercise 5 – GrammarBank

    Apr 18, 18 03:17 AM

    Printable Simple Present vs Present Continuous Exercise 5 with answers-- Online verb tenses worksheets for English learners

  2. Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise 3 – GrammarBank

    Apr 11, 18 04:05 AM

    Printable Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise 3 with answers-- Online verb tenses worksheets for English learners

  3. Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise 2 – GrammarBank

    Apr 09, 18 03:16 AM

    Printable Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise 2 with answers-- Choose past progressive or past simple

  4. Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise - GrammarBank

    Mar 30, 18 01:47 AM

    Printable Simple Past vs Past Continuous Exercise with answers-- Online verb tenses worksheets for English learners

  5. First Conditional IF Clauses 2

    Mar 29, 18 09:59 PM

    Printable and online If conditional type 1 (first conditional) grammar exercise 2 with answers-- Check your answers at the bottom of the worksheet.

  6. Verb Tenses Exercises - GrammarBank

    Mar 28, 18 08:36 PM

    Printable & Online ALL verb tenses practice exercises with answers for English teachers and students

  7. Past Continuous Tense - GrammarBank

    Mar 27, 18 11:36 PM

    Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense-- Grammar rules explanations, positive/negative statements charts, yes / no questions, short answers table with examples

  8. Past Progressive Tense Exercise 1 - GrammarBank

    Mar 27, 18 11:28 PM

    Past continuous (progressive) tense worksheet with answers, use the words to make past progressive sentences.

  9. Past Progressive Exercise 2 - GrammarBank

    Mar 27, 18 11:21 PM

    Printable and online Past Progressive Exercise 2 with answers- Complete the sentences in past continuous tense

  10. So That / In Order To Exercise - GrammarBank

    Mar 13, 18 09:03 PM

    So that vs In order to exercise with answers - Complete the sentences with the correct conjunction.