ESL Reading Comprehension 41

Short Reading Article 41 - Magellan Ferdinand

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Answer the questions according to the reading.

Magellan Ferdinand

Magellan is a Portuguese navigator who shared the idea of Christopher Columbus and others that the Far East could be reached by sailing westward. He embarked from Spain in August 1519 with a fleet of five ships, sailed southward down the coast of South America and reached the Pacific Ocean through the Strait named after him. He then gave the Pacific its name, because his first impression of it was one of peace and calm. Magellan was killed by warring tribesmen in the Philippines, but one of his ships finally arrived back in Spain in September 1522 via the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, the first to have circumnavigated the world.

1. According to the passage ----.

A) the name Pacific comes from the harshness and hostility of the Pacific Ocean
B) Christopher Columbus is also a Portuguese seafarer
C) Magellan had difficulties while fighting with the tribesmen
D) the Portuguese have more audacity than any other nations in the world
E) four of the five ships were destroyed and only one of them was able to arrive back after 3 years

2. Magellan's crew ----.

A) was not as experienced as Christopher Columbus
B) returned alive from his sailing
C) was not alone in his thought about sailing
D) named the Indian and Atlantic Oceans as well as the Pacific
E) thought that the South America was Far East and turned back

3. According to the passage, ----.

A) Magellan departed from Spain; however, he was not able to return
B) Magellan named the Philippines and the strait
C) Columbus and Magellan discovered the South America and named it
D) the strait Magellan passed through gave him the impression that it was so calm and peaceful
E) Magellan followed the some route as Columbus

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