|Some sentences set off the definition for a difficult word by means of punctuation||Origami - Japanese paper folding - is fun and interesting.|
Fibrin, elastic threads of protein, helps blood to clot.
|Dashes--, parenthesis (), brackets, Commas,,,|
|Sometimes helping words, along with punctuation, provide important clues.||Jenna felt perturbed; that is, she was greatly annoyed by her sister's actions.||Helping words: that is, meaning, such as, is called|
|Some sentences tell the opposite of what a new word means. From its opposite, you can figure out the meaning of the word.||Parents who constantly spank their children cannot be called lenient.||If you are lenient, you do not often punish your children. Merciful or gentle would be good guesses for the meaning of lenient.|
Helping words to show opposites: not, but, although, however, on the other hand...
|Sometimes you can use your own experiences to figure out the definition of a word.||The cacophonous rattling made Maria cover her ears.||A noise that would make you cover your ears would be unpleasant and jarring.|
|Sentences before or after a sentence containing a difficult word sometimes explains the meaning of the word.||Mozart gave his first public recital at the age of six. By age thirteen he had written symphonies and an operetta. He is justly called a child prodigy.||It would certainly take remarkably talented person to do these things. An extraordinary person, then, would be a prodigy.|
|Some sentences are written just to give the definitions of difficult words - words that readers will need to know to understand what they are reading.||One of the remarkable features of the Nile Valley is fertility of the soil. This rich earth that supported plant growth made it possible for Egyptians to thrive in a dry region.||The second sentence, which tells us that the soil was rich and that it supported plant growth, explains the word fertility.|
|Because some sentences give examples for a new word, you can build a definition.||Choose a periodical from among the following: Time, Reader's Digest, or Seventeen.||The sentence doesn't say that periodical is a magazine, but you can figure that out from the examples.|
|Some sentences use a word you do know to help explain a word you do not know.||A formidable enemy is one to be feared.||Formidable: through the clues in the sentence, means fearful or dreadful.|
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