Past Perfect Tense
(See the subject exercise below)
Forming Past Perfect Tense
|Affirmative Form||Subject + had + verb3 + complement|
He had left the office
|Negative Form||Subject + hadn't + verb3 + complement|
He hadn't left the office.
|Question Form||Had + subject + verb + complement ?|
Had he left the office?
|Negative Question||Hadn't + subject + verb3 + complement ?|
Hadn't he left the office?
His customers had waited outside until Mark came to the shop.
Customers were already outside when Mark arrived to the shop. Act of waiting occurred before Mark's arrival.The train had just left when I got to the station.
The train left and a few minutes later I got to the station.Hint:
Use the Past Perfect Tense after 'AFTER'
Use the Past Perfect Tense before 'BEFORE'
She had cooked dinner before I got home.
I got home after she had cooked dinner.
ExerciseComplete the following sentences using the past perfect tense form of the verbs in brackets.