Past Perfect Tense


We use The Past Perfect Tense to express a past action that occurred either before another activity or before a point of time in the past.

More Exercises:

Past Perfect Exercise (teaching)
Present Perfect vs Past Perfect
Simple Past vs Past Perfect
(See the subject exercise below)

Forming Past Perfect Tense


Affirmative FormSubject + had + verb3 + complement
He had left the office
Negative FormSubject + hadn't + verb3 + complement
He hadn't left the office.
Question FormHad + subject + verb + complement ?
Had he left the office?
Negative QuestionHadn't + subject + verb3 + complement ?
Hadn't he left the office?


Examples


His customers had waited outside until Mark came to the shop.

Customers were already outside when Mark arrived to the shop. Act of waiting occurred before Mark's arrival.


The train had just left when I got to the station.

The train left and a few minutes later I got to the station.


Hint:

Use the Past Perfect Tense after 'AFTER'
Use the Past Perfect Tense before 'BEFORE'

She had cooked dinner before I got home.
I got home after she had cooked dinner.


Exercise


Complete the following sentences using the past perfect tense form of the verbs in brackets.

1. We ---- (not see) Mrs. Janker before she went to London.

2. The plane ---- (depart) when I got to the airport.

3. Adams ---- (already finish) typing when I arrived at the office.

4. I suddenly realized that I ---- (meet) her at school.

5. Oliver ---- (not have) a cup of coffee before he came to our table.

6. Had you ---- (just turn out) the lights when she woke up?

7. Chuck ---- (not put) my name into the list yet when I last saw him.

8. I ---- (buy) a new camera before I went to England.

9. I started the machine after I ---- (have) my lunch.

10. My mom didn't turn off the light until I ---- (finish) my homework.

Correctness =
Correct answers:
You are here: >> Home >> Verb Tenses >> Past Perfect Tense



Comments

▲▲▲▲▲▲▲

What’s New on GrammarBank:

  1. Irrelevant Sentences in Paragraph Exercises

    Apr 21, 18 02:55 PM

    GrammarBank - Identify the irrelevant sentences in the given passages. Prepare to exams like TOEFL, IELTS, KET, PET reading skills preparation

  2. Closest in Meaning Exercises - ESL EFL

    Apr 21, 18 02:54 PM

    Find the sentences that are closest in meaning exercises help ESL EFL students improve their reading and understanding skills and prepare for exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, PET, KET, BEC Preliminary...

  3. Reading Comprehension Worksheets K12 - ESL - TOEFL - IELTS

    Apr 21, 18 02:52 PM

    Improve your reading comprehension skills while learning new facts from interesting passages. ESL, TOEFL, IELTS, 2nd 3rd 4th 5th grade, K12 readings

  4. Sentence Completion Exercises - GrammarBank

    Apr 21, 18 02:51 PM

    Prepare for major tests such as GRE, SAT etc. English sentence completion exercises to practice your English and prepare for exams

  5. Essay Writing Tips

    Apr 21, 18 02:48 PM

    Tips on essay writing; introduction, thesis, body paragraphs and conclusion checklist. Sample essay format and outline, printable MLA format, proofreading, plagiarism, citing quotations...

  6. Crossword and WordSerch For Kids / ESL

    Apr 21, 18 02:46 PM

    English teaching games, printable crossword and wordsearch vocabulary activities for kids, preschoolers or older ESL students.

  7. Elementary Tests - PET / KET Practice

    Apr 21, 18 02:44 PM

    Basic English test questions for those who are just learning English, prepare for exams like KET, PET or ESL

  8. Verb Tenses Chart - GrammarBank

    Apr 21, 18 02:42 PM

    Verb tenses timeline with explanations and example sentences - Simple tenses, progressive tenses, perfect tenses

  9. Multiple Choice Grammar Quizzes - GrammarBank

    Apr 21, 18 02:40 PM

    Printable & Online multiple choice grammar quiz questions with answers for teachers and students-- 2nd grade, 3rd grade, 4th grade, 5th grade, ESL students

  10. English Grammar Exercises - GrammarBank

    Apr 21, 18 02:37 PM

    Printable & Online grammar exercises for ESL, EFL, K12 level - 2nd grade, 3rd grade, 4th grade, 5th grade elementary school level