TO BE Verbs - Tenses Chart
What are "to be" verbs?
The only "to be" verbs are those in the chart below: am, is, are, was, were, will be, been.
|TO BE VERBS|
|Person||Present||Past||Past Participle (used with "have")||Future|
|I||am||was||have been||will be|
|you||are||were||have been||will be|
|he/she/it||is||was||has been||will be|
|we||are||were||have been||will be|
|you (plural)||are||were||have been||will be|
|they||are||were||have been||will be|
How are "to be" verbs used?
We use them in two ways
1. As linking verb in simple present with an adjective or a noun (or noun phrase).
Jerry and Loyd are
very close friends
such a nice house
Steve is afraid
of driving. (adjective)
Everyone at school was shocked
to see me there. (adjective)Note:
We never use a "to be" verb with another verb in the simple present.
"Agree" is a verb so we must say: She agrees
2. As helping verb in one of the continuous tenses (with "ing").
Jackie and I are going
to the movie theater.
My cousin is watching
TV in his room.
ESL students are studying
for their upcoming exam.
still working on
my term project.Note:
When we use "to be" verbs as helping verb, the main verb must be in progressive tense (-ing form).
Do not say: She
me finish my project.
Say: She is helping helping me with my project.
With Past Participle:
Use past participle "been" to indicate that whatever you are stating started in the past and continues into the present.
I have been happy since I won the lottery.
She has been responsive at all times.
They have been married for year years