Stonehenge is an ancient monument situated about
ten miles north of Salisbury in England. It was built
about 4500 years ago, but by whom and for what
purpose remains a mystery. The builders must have
known of geometry. They may have been influenced
by the Mycenaeans, whose architecture was similar.
Some of the stones must have been brought from
West Wales, over 135 miles away. These stones
weigh more than fifty tons. They may have been
brought on rafts and rollers. Experts say that it must
have taken 1500 men more than five years to
transport them. Stonehenge was probably built in
three stages. First, settlers from continental Europe
built a temple for sun worship. Later the "Beaker"
people added the stone circles. Finally, people of the
Wesse Culture transformed Stonehenge into an
observatory. They could calculate the exact time of
Midsummer and Midwinter and of equinoxes.
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