Jean-Jacques Rousseau


ESL EFL Readings - Short Reading Passage Rousseau

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Rousseau (1712-78) was one of the forerunners of the Romantic movement, and also one of the prophets of the French Revolution. He was by nature a rebel against existing conceptions of religion, art, education, marriage, government, and in book after book he propounded his own theories on these subjects. Rousseau advocated a return to nature. In the natural state, he held, man is happy and good, and it is only society that, by making life artificial, produces evil. His Emile, a treatise on education, advocated that children should be brought up in an atmosphere of truth, and it condemned the elaborate lies that society imposed on the average child including myths and fairy-stories.

1. According to the passage, Rousseau ----.

A) is the unique person who is a member of the Romantic movement
B) is among the pioneers of the Romantic movement
C) is rebellious against the French Revaluation
D) is the advocate of marriage
E) Emile is one of his daughters who was brought up in an atmosphere of
    truth


2. We can conclude that Emile ----.

A) is an essay on education
B) has been thoroughly discussed by academicians
C) has no philosophical background at all
D) is in favor of myths and fairy stories
E) is a work of Rousseau on how children should be brought up


3. According to Rousseau, by making life artificial ----.

A) Rousseau wrote a treatise on education
B) Rousseau's works produced evil concept
C) civilized man may become happy
D) children can be brought up safely
E) civilization corrupts the human being


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