Can / Can't
CAN / CAN'T shows ability, inability, request, permission, possibility, and inappropriateness.
a. I can speak English.
b. You can leave early today.
c. Can I come in, please?
Positive: Subject + CAN + Verb1
Negative: Subject + CAN'T + Verb1
|POSITIVE STATEMENT||NEGATIVE STATEMENT|
|He||can||run||very vest||You||can't||run||very fast|
|He||can||sit||in the garden||He||can't||sit||in the garden|
|She||can||come||with us||She||can't||come||with us|
|It||can||jump||to the other side||It||can't||jump||to the other side|
|We||can||make||delicious cakes||We||can't||make||delicious cakes|
|You||can||pass||the exam||You||can't||pass||the exam|
Negative form of CAN is either “cannot” or “can not” and its negative contraction is “Can’t”. In British English, it is pronounced /ka:nt/ but in American English, it is /kent/.
Negative “YES/NO QUESTIONS” are formed in two ways:
Can Yes/No Questions and Answers Chart
Can WH Information Questions and Answers Chart
1. Can you not come today?||Can he read fast?|
|2. Can’t you come today?||Can’t he read fast?|
We use “CAN” to express
Sarven can ride a bike.
He can speak Japanese.
I can play table tennis.
We can cook.
They can eat with chop sticks.
Paul and Ingrid can ski.
He can’t ride a horse.
I can’t type very fast.
We can’t lift 100 kilos.
Jan can not run fast.
Alicia cannot drive a car.
Can you help me?
Can you tell me the way to the museum?
Can you come here a minute please?
Can I use your cell phone?
Can I take a day off?
Can I smoke here?
Can I go out?
Typical responses: Certainly. Yes, certainly. Of course. Of course you can. Sure (informal) … etc
The florist can deliver the bouquet early.
My friend can visit me this week
is not normal used to describe future possibility in the positive form.
INCORRECT: It can rain tomorrow.
You can’t wear that dress! It is indecent.
You can’t smoke in this building. It is illegal.
You can’t ask for information here. This is not information desk.