Nouns are words that name a person, place or an entity. Whatever exists, ideas, all the objects can be named. (pencils, planets, televisions, phones...)

Also See:

Nouns Exercises
Nouns Exercise 2
Gender of Nouns
Noun Clauses
Singular / Plural
Abstract Nouns / Concrete Nouns

Nouns are categorized as proper, count, non-count and collective.

Proper Nouns

See more on common and proper nouns

Nouns that name specific things that are identified with an individual name are proper nouns. The first letter is capitalized.

Michael Jordan
Pepsi Cola,
New York

Count / Countable Nouns

See count / non-count nouns examples

Countable nouns are those that identify individual items, either singly or as members of groups. In other words, the single entities may be counted.

Dr. Adams

Determiners patterning with count nouns may be singular or plural, depending on the number of the noun.

Non-Count / Uncountable (Mass Nouns)

Mass nouns identify undifferentiated mass, things that are not usually considered countable by individual items..


Non-count nouns are usually singular and modified by words such as much, more, less and some.

some sugar
less water

Some Measurements:

a ton of iron
a spoonful of sugar

Collective Nouns

A collective noun is a singular noun that refers to more than one thing as a members of a single unit.


Singular / Plural Nouns

See details on singular plural

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  • Most of the nouns are made plural by adding an 's':

    pen - pens
    pencil - pencils
    book - books
    file - files

  • Nouns ending with s, ss, z, zz, x, ch, sh, and tch are made plural by adding "es" to the singular form:

    wish - wishes
    watch - watches
    fox - foxes
    bus - buses

  • If a noun's singular form ends with a consonant plus y, you must change the y to I and then add "es":

    baby - babies
    candy - candies
    sky - skies
    spy - spies

    Warning! Proper nouns are exceptions to the rule.

    the Wendys (not Wendies)
    the Kennedys (not Kennedies)

  • Some Irregular Plural Forms:

    man - men
    woman - women
    foot - feet
    tooth - teeth
    child - children
    medium- media


    A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb. Therefore:

    The media are presenting the story inaccurately.
    Women are usually more sensitive than men.
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