Nouns


Definition

Nouns are words that name a person, place or any entity. Anything that exists; ideas, thoughts, emotions, people, all the objects (cars, planets, televisions, phones...) can be named.
Most sentences have multiple nouns, some sentences have only a single noun.

Also See:

Nouns Exercises / Exercise 2
Gender of Nouns
Noun Clauses
Singular / Plural

Proper / Common Nouns


Nouns that name a particular item in a group are called proper nouns. The first letter is capitalized.

Michael Jordan (person, athlete...)
Pepsi Cola (drinks, soda),
New York (city)

Nouns that refer to a general class of person, place, entity are common nouns and they are not capitalized.

basketball player, soda, city

See more on common and proper nouns


Count / Non-Count (Mass) Nouns


This is the classification according to whether a noun can be counted or not. Count nouns are countable.

cat
tree
Dr. Adams
book
nut
bean

Mass nouns name undifferentiated mass, things that are not usually considered countable..

water
milk
grass
sand
news
money

Non-count nouns are usually singular and quantified by quantifiers such as much, more, less, some...

some sugar
less water
little butter

See more on count / mass nouns


Abstract/Concrete/Collective Nouns


Abstract nouns name ideas, thoughts, emotions.

love, peace, honor

Concrete nouns name physical objects that have a mass.

ball, tree, glass

Collective nouns refer to a group of people or entities.

herd, bunch, army, family, tribe

See more on abstract nouns / concrete nouns
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