Nouns are categorized as proper, count, non-count and collective.
Nouns that name specific things that are identified with an individual name are proper nouns
. The first letter is capitalized.
Count / Countable Nouns
See count / non-count nouns examples
Countable nouns are those that identify individual items, either singly or as members of groups. In other words, the single entities may be counted
patterning with count nouns may be singular or plural, depending on the number of the noun.
Non-Count / Uncountable (Mass Nouns)
Uncountables identify undifferentiated mass, things that are not usually considered countable by individual items..
Non-count nouns are usually singular and modified by words such as much, more, less and some.
a ton of iron
a spoonful of sugar
A collective noun is a singular noun that refers to more than one thing as a members of a single unit.
Singular / Plural Nouns
See details on singular plural
Most of the nouns are made plural by adding an 's':
pen - pens
pencil - pencils
book - books
file - files
Nouns ending with s, ss, z, zz, x, ch, sh, and tch are made plural by adding "es" to the singular form:
wish - wishes
watch - watches
fox - foxes
bus - buses
If a noun's singular form ends with a consonant plus y, you must change the y to I and then add "es":
baby - babies
candy - candies
sky - skies
spy - spies
Warning! Proper nouns are exceptions to the rule.
the Wendys (not Wendies)
the Kennedys (not Kennedies)
Some Irregular Plural Forms:
man - men
woman - women
foot - feet
tooth - teeth
child - children
A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb. Therefore:
The media are presenting the story inaccurately.
Women are usually more sensitive than men.