IF Clauses / IF Conditionals


A conditional sentence has two clauses: Main clause and if clause.

Main ClauseIf Clause
Alicia will tidy her roomif she has time.

First Conditional IF (Type 1)


Open Condition in present or future

If the weather is nice, we usually eat in the yard. (present)
(The weather might be nice or not, it's an open condition)

If the weather is nice tomorrow, we can eat in the yard. (future)
(The weather can be nice tomorrow or not? Open condition)
(We assume there is no weather forecast information available)

See First Conditional Details


Second Conditional IF (Type 2)


Unreal situation or very improbable Condition In the present or future

If it were our day off today, we would be barbecuing now. (present)
(It is not our day off, unreal condition, we are probably at work and talking to co-workers)


If it were our day off tomorrow, we would have a barbecue. (future)
(It isn't our day off tomorrow, unless we can change our schedule and take tomorrow off somehow, improbable situation)

See Second Conditional Details


Third Conditional IF (Type 3)


Unreal Situation in the Past

If the weather had been nice yesterday, we would have barbecued. (past)
(The weather was not nice, and we didn't barbecue, imaginary situation)

If it had been our day off yesterday, we would have had a barbecue.(past)
(It weren't our day off, we worked all day, unreal situation)

See Third Conditional Details
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What’s New on GrammarBank:

  1. Second Conditional IF Exercise – GrammarBank

    Feb 20, 18 12:47 AM

    Second conditional (type two) grammar exercise with answers -- Check your answers at the bottom of the worksheet.

  2. Second Conditional IF Exercise 2 – GrammarBank

    Feb 20, 18 12:43 AM

    Second conditional (type two) grammar exercise with answers 2 -- Check your answers at the bottom of the worksheet.

  3. How Much vs How Many Exercise 2 - GrammarBank

    Feb 17, 18 05:06 AM

    Printable and online grammar exercises-- How Much vs How Many worksheets with answers

  4. Unless / IF Not - GrammarBank

    Feb 17, 18 04:29 AM

    Unless means except if. We use unless to make an exception to something we say. See details with examples and exercises.

  5. First Conditional IF Exercise – GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 09:57 AM

    If conditional type 1 (first conditional) grammar exercise with answers-- Check your answers at the bottom of the worksheet.

  6. In Case - GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 03:36 AM

    Uses of In Case, detailed rules explanations with examples and exercises for English learners and teachers

  7. Wish Clauses - GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 03:32 AM

    Uses of Wish Clauses, grammar rules with examples, exercises, and detailed explanations.

  8. IF clauses / IF Conditionals - GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 03:26 AM

    IF clauses / First, Second and Third Conditionals (Type 1, type 2, type 3) categories explained with details, examples and exercises

  9. Third Conditional IF - GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 03:22 AM

    Third conditional if is used for unreal situations in the past. Type three conditional grammar, with examples and exercises

  10. Second Conditional IF - GrammarBank

    Feb 14, 18 03:21 AM

    Second conditional IF also referred as Type 2 conditional is used for...See second conditional rules, examples and exercises