Second Conditional IF (Unreal)
Second conditional if
, also known as type two conditional
, is used for unreal situations in present or future time.
The condition statement is unreal at the moment and the dependent is impossible or unlikely to happen.
If I were rich, I would buy a boat.
If the weather was nice, we could barbecue.
If I were rich...
I am not rich, it is not likely that I will be rich (anytime soon anyway) and buy a boat. I might win the lottery tomorrow?
(unreal situation, improbability)
Type 2 Conditional Grammar
|If + Subject + Simple Past + Subject 2 + Would / Could + Verb|
a. If you listened carefully, you would understand the lecture easily.
b. If I were you, I wouldn't drive so fast.
c. If Ronald came early, he could help us.
d. If it didn't rain, we could play basketball.Note:The main clause and if clause can be in reversed order.
If I could jump high enough, I would escape.
I would escape if I could jump high enough.
If I had money, I would buy a Ferrari.
I would buy a Ferrari If I had money.
Quick ExerciseSupply the suitable forms of the verbs in brackets. (in type 2)